AB-Revealed: 50 million Facebook profiles harvested for Cambridge Analytica in major data breach

By March 21, 2018comp-5005, Data science
Annotated bibliography

Revealed: 50 million Facebook profiles harvested for Cambridge Analytica in major data breach

Carole Cadwalladr and Emma Graham-Harrison (18 Jan 2018)

Paper’s reference in the IEEE style?

E. Graham-Harrison and C. Cadwalladr, “Revealed: 50 million Facebook profiles harvested for Cambridge Analytica in major data breach,” the Guardian, 17-Mar-2018. [Online]. Available: http://www.theguardian.com/news/2018/mar/17/cambridge-analytica-facebook-influence-us-election. [Accessed: 21-Mar-2018].

How did you find the paper?

Twitter

If applicable, write a list of the search terms you used.

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Was the paper peer reviewed? Explain how you found out.

This is a newspaper article

Does the author(s) work in a university or a government-funded research institute? If so, which university or research institute? If not, where do they work?

Carole Cadwalladr grew up in Wales and is now a features writer for the Observer. Her first novel, The Family Tree, was published in 2006

Emma Graham-Harrison is an International Affairs Correspondent at Guardian News & Media

What does this tell you about their expertise? Are they an expert in the topic area?

The authors are experienced reporters

What was the paper about?

Cambridge Analytics (CA)

Used personal facebook user information and social graphs to build a system to profile people and influence their positions in the Brexit and USA 2016 Presidential campaigns.

Facebook data was collected through an app (‘thisisyourfigitallife’) developed by a a Cambridge University academic (Aleksandr Kogan’) through his independent company Global Science Research (GSR), and then shared, against the Facebook terms and services, with CA.

Several hundred thousand Facebook users were paid to, or voluntarily chose to, use the app which collected information about them, their likes and shares, and information about their friends and their habits through their social graph.  In total, it is believed that 50 million users information was passed on to CA.

The British Information Commissioner’s office is investigating CA’s activities and the Electoral Commission is investigating what role they played in the EU Brexit refferendum.

“We are investigating the circumstances in which Facebook data may have been illegally acquired and used,” said the information commissioner Elizabeth Denham. “It’s part of our ongoing investigation into the use of data analytics for political purposes which was launched to consider how political parties and campaigns, data analytics companies and social media platforms in the UK are using and analysing people’s personal information to micro-target voters.”

Democratic Senator Mark Warner says “This story is more evidence that the online political advertising market is essentially the Wild West. Whether it’s allowing Russians to purchase political ads, or extensive micro-targeting based on ill-gotten user data, it’s clear that, left unregulated, this market will continue to be prone to deception and lacking in transparency,”

 

If applicable, is this paper similar to other papers you have read for this assignment? If so, which papers and why?

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If applicable, is this paper different to other papers you have read for this assignment? If so, which papers and why?

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What do these similarities and differences suggest? What are your observations? Do you have any new ideas? Do you have any conclusions?

[100-200 words]

This question is to be answered after your critical analysis is completed: Which sections (if any) of your critical analysis was this paper cited in?

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